FHA Origination

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to FHA Origination.

November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

QM Patch Expiration Could Shift More High-DTI Loans to FHA

Certain potential changes could materially affect origination volume and determine the government-sponsored enterprises’ direction going forward, according to analysts. One of those changes could have a significant impact on the FHA market. Wells Fargo Securities analysts recently looked at three potential developments in the Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac sphere and evaluated their effects on the broader mortgage market. Two of those potential changes – loan limits and guarantee fees – are controlled directly by the Federal Housing Finance Agency, while the third relates to the temporary GSE qualified-mortgage exemption, or “QM patch,” which could affect the FHA market. All three factors loom over the mortgage landscape as the FHFA expects a new director in January 2019, who is likely to be more right leaning and could shift the focus back to shrinking the ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Streamlines Claim-Payment Rules for Reverse Mortgage Loans

FHA-approved servicers will now find it easier to file a Home Equity Conversion Mortgage claim under revised HECM rules announced by the Department of Housing and Urban Development last week. The new requirements apply to HECM loans that have reached 98 percent of their maximum claim amount, according to Mortgagee Letter 2018-08. The revised rules took effect on Oct. 22, but HUD will accept public comments for a period of 30 calendar days. Compliance experts say the change is good news for a program that has been experiencing substantial losses and lower volumes. Significant revisions were made last year to cut losses and make the product more efficient, but they have not been enough, said FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery. Under the revised rules, HECM servicers can use alternative supporting documentation in lieu of previously required materials that ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Fails to Recover Millions in Surplus Proceeds, IG Audit Finds

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s inspector general recommended that HUD pursue the collection of $5.7 million in surplus proceeds it is entitled to reclaim from 2017 loan terminations. The IG found $6.8 million in uncollected surplus proceeds from non-conveyance foreclosures in the possession of custodians. The IG said it initiated a review when it discovered while doing an unrelated audit that a trustee attorney held surplus proceeds from two non-conveyance foreclosures and HUD had not claimed these funds to offset earlier partial claims it had paid for the properties. The latest audit found that HUD did not always do its job. Of the 81 foreclosures reviewed, 32 had nearly As a result, an estimated $6.8 million in surplus proceeds never made it into the FHA insurance fund. Various third parties benefited at HUD’s expense, and the unclaimed funds sat dormant with custodians. The IG recommended ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Lenders Agree to Pay $26.7M To Settle False Certification Claims

Two FHA lenders entered into settlement agreements with the Department of Justice and the Department of Housing and Urban Development last week to resolve allegations they violated the False Claims Act in connection with FHA-insured mortgages. PrimeLending of Dallas and Universal American Mortgage Co. (UAMC) of Miami have agreed to pay a total of $26.7 million without admitting to any liability or wrongdoing. As part of an industry-wide inquiry, PrimeLending received a subpoena from the HUD inspector general for documents and other information related to its mortgage practices, including origination of FHA loans. On Aug. 20, 2014, the DOJ issued a civil investigative demand announcing an investigation of PrimeLending for potential FCA violations in connection with the origination and underwriting of FHA single-family loans. On Oct. 23, 2018, PrimeLending entered into a settlement and ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA Sees Growing Need for Financing of Nonbank MSR

Ginnie Mae officials would welcome a return of commercial banks to the program, but they are not planning on it. Instead, the agency is looking the other way: at expanding financing options for nonbank portfolios of mortgage servicing rights. The current version of Ginnie’s acknowledgement agreement has been successful, enabling nonbank servicers to arrange MSR financing for virtually their entire portfolios, said Michael Drayne, a senior vice president at Ginnie, during the Residential Mortgage Finance Symposium sponsored by the Structured Finance Industry Group this week in New York. Although a number of banks are financing nonbank servicing portfolios, many are still not participating, he said. Karen Gelernt, a partner at Alston & Bird, noted that many banks continue to have anxiety about what will happen if a servicer defaults on its Ginnie requirements. Speaking as moderator on a panel with ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Brokers Gain Share in FHA Lending, But Fall Back in VA Production

Wholesale-broker production of FHA loans was up 8.1 percent from the second to the third quarter of 2018, making it the fastest-growing channel in the program, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities data. However, the volume of brokered VA loans securitized during the third quarter fell 4.0 percent from the previous period, the only channel to show a loss over that period. Correspondent production remained king in the FHA segment, with volume rising 7.4 percent from the second quarter. Correspondents generated 48.9 percent of FHA loans delivered into Ginnie MBS pools over the first nine months of the year. PennyMac Financial and Amerihome Mortgage duked it out as the top correspondent platforms in the third-quarter FHA market. Retail was runner-up with a 35.6 percent share of FHA year-to-date business, with wholesale-broker accounting for just ... [Charts]


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Prepay Speeds Remain a Concern for Ginnie Mae, Overseas Investors

Ginnie Mae has made considerable progress in dealing with rapid prepayments on VA loans but prepayment speeds on Ginnie mortgage-backed securities in general continue to annoy investors. Prepay speeds on Ginnie MBS are now at the lowest since 2014 but it is not enough for agency Executive Vice President Maren Kasper to feel confident as she addressed the annual convention of the Mortgage Bankers Association this week. “Our prepayment issue is not solved,” said Kasper, as she spoke on a panel with representatives of government-lending programs. The agency continues to hear from investors about the problem, she said. Kasper cited two instances where Ginnie officials were summoned to meetings in China and New York to explain the prepayments to irate investors. They threatened to stop purchasing Ginnie bonds, she said. Kasper declined to say how bad the ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Government Mortgage Programs Focus on Tech Platform Upgrades

Information technology improvement is the top priority of government lending programs in the coming months and into 2019. Agency representatives at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Washington, DC, said policy changes are in the works to enhance and improve operations, compliance and customer service. FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery, who joined the agency four months ago, said IT modernization is his primary concern. A state-of-the-art IT system and advanced data analytics are needed to manage FHA exposures effectively, he said. Montgomery made clear FHA has no plans to build a proprietary system but is considering the idea of shared technology, possibly with VA and USDA; something based on Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s systems; or some off-the-shelf software. In his view, a modern IT system would have automated underwriting that provides ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae to Require Servicer, Credit Ratings for Largest Issuers

Participants in Ginnie Mae’s single-family mortgage-backed securities program may expect new policy changes, including servicer and credit ratings for the largest issuers, clarification of “appropriate sources of liquidity” and other financial requirements. The changes come as issuer liquidity continues to be a primary concern for Ginnie Mae, particularly with nonbanks now the dominant segment in the single-family MBS program. “We’re working on those policies right now,” said Leslie Meaux Pordzik, Ginnie’s acting senior vice president, Office of Issuer and Portfolio Management, at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Washington, DC, this week. Nonbanks account for nearly two-thirds of Ginnie MBS issuance and approximately 75 percent of FHA and VA lending. Nonbanks serviced a record 61.1 percent of outstanding Ginnie single-family MBS at the end of the ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA, VA Delinquencies Tip Slightly Higher in 3Q18 GNMA MBS Pools

The amount of single-family Ginnie Mae mortgage servicing rights increased a modest 0.9 percent during the third quarter, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. Some $1.858 trillion of Ginnie mortgage-backed securities were outstanding at the end of September, a 6.2 percent gain over the previous 12 months. Loans guaranteed by the VA continued to be the fastest growing segment of the Ginnie market. Volume was up 1.3 percent from the end of June, hitting $630.9 billion, an 11.0 percent increase from the same time last year. The FHA segment remained far bigger: $1.114 trillion at the end of the third quarter. However, its growth rate has been slower: 0.7 percent from June and 3.9 percent compared to September 2017. Loan performance deteriorated slightly in both programs. Some 92.9 percent of FHA loans were current at the end of September, down from ... [Charts]


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HECM Statute Does Not Disallow Lender’s Legal Right to Foreclose

The federal statute that authorized the Department of Housing and Urban Development to establish the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program addresses only HUD’s authority to insure reverse mortgages and not the lender’s contractual right to foreclose, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has ruled. Affirming the district court’s decision in The Estate of Caldwell Jones, Jr., Executrix Vanessa Jones and Leah Grace Jones, Minor v. Live Well Financial Inc., the circuit court determined that the HECM statute did not prevent foreclosure pursuant to a reverse-mortgage contract originated before Aug. 4, 2014, even if the non-borrowing spouse continued to live in the mortgaged property. The question before the court was whether the statute can be read broadly to prevent foreclosure after the borrower’s death and prevent the non-borrowing spouse from being ejected from the ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Failure to Record Indemnifications Exposes MMIF to Potential Losses

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s failure to record indemnifications under a 2015 settlement agreement exposed the FHA insurance fund to potential losses of more than $47.4 million, according to an internal audit report. HUD’s Office of the Inspector General performed the audit to resolve issues related to two settlement agreements entered into by Fifth Third Bank and the Department of Justice. Fifth Third, a direct endorsement lender, had voluntarily disclosed to HUD 1,439 materially defective FHA loans that were originated between 2003 and 2013. HUD paid claims on 519 of those flawed loans, which generated more than $84.9 million in ineligible claims. In addition, FTB agreed to indemnify HUD for all losses for the remaining 920 FHA-insured mortgage loans. In January 2017, the bank voluntarily disclosed an additional 381 materially defective FHA loans. A HUD review of the ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Plans to Revisit DPA Rules in Light of Tribal FHA-Down Program

Use of FHA downpayment assistance from programs run by entities owned by Native American tribes may soon be under agency scrutiny. Industry stakeholders are pointing to a pre-rule notice the Department of Housing and Urban Development published last spring as an opportunity for HUD to clarify the use of downpayment assistance from parties other than those currently allowed to meet FHA’s 3.5 percent downpayment requirement. In an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register, HUD is seeking comment on the use of downpayment assistance as well as their approved sources, such as tribal providers, state and local housing finance agencies, government agents and non-profit organizations. One downpayment-assistance provider is the Chenoa Fund Loan Program, which is owned and operated by the Utah Cedar Band of Paiutes. The fund provides secondary financing to ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Insurance Fund Hit Hard by Needless Claim Payments, Costs

Mortgage servicing delays have caused the Department of Housing and Urban Development to pay a whopping $413 million for unnecessary interest and other expenses. The payment put a major dent on the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund and its ability to pay other claims or reduce FHA mortgage-insurance premiums, according to a report from the HUD inspector general. The amount covered interest payments and other costs on 27,634 preforeclosure claims over a five-year period. The costly setback could have been avoided had lenders completed servicing chores on defaulted FHA loans within their prescribed periods, the IG said. Although serviers were to blame, HUD reimbursed them through FHA insurance claims. The IG analyzed 100,077 preforeclosure claims paid from Aug. 1, 2012, through July 31, 2017. Auditors identified 30,061 claims that had ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Requires Second Appraisal on HECMs with Inflated Collateral

The reverse mortgage industry is supporting an FHA move to require a second appraisal for certain Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans. FHA did not seek public comment on the interim policy change, which subjects all HECM loans, effective Oct. 1, to a collateral risk assessment to ensure the appraisal of the property is not inflated. The new policy has wide support in the reverse mortgage industry. A study conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development last year found that 37 percent of appraisals on approximately 134,000 HECMs tested positive for over-valuation. The inflated HECM appraisals were at least 3 percent higher than estimates by FHA’s proprietary automated valuation model, according to FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery. The same study also found that higher-than-expected losses in the HECM program could be attributed in part to ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Solid Gains in Purchase-Mortgage Business Offset 3Q18 Refi Slump

Ginnie Mae issuance of single-family mortgage-backed securities rode a homebuying wave during the third quarter of 2018, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending ranking and analysis. Ginnie issuers produced $105.63 billion of new MBS backed by forward mortgages during the July-September cycle, a 7.1 percent increase from the second quarter. That brought year-to-date production to $296.88 billion – down 11.3 percent from the first nine months of 2017. Purchase mortgages provided the boost for the Ginnie market. Some $75.69 billion of FHA and VA purchase mortgages were pooled in Ginnie MBS in the third quarter, a sturdy 13.1 percent increase from the previous period. Purchase loans accounted for 75.1 percent of FHA and VA loans securitized in the third quarter, compared to 64.7 percent for all of last year. Although production of these loans has gone up since the first quarter, year-to-date volume ... [Charts]


October 4, 2018 - Inside Mortgage Finance

FHA Announces Second-Appraisal Requirement for HECMs, Reverse Mortgage Industry Backs Move to Cut MMIF Losses

Lenders expressed support for the FHA’s new interim policy requiring a second appraisal for home-equity conversion mortgages when the initial property valuation may be inflated. The new appraisal policy for HECMs took effect on Oct. 1 and will be in place through Sept. 1, 2019. FHA will review the policy to determine whether to renew it beyond fiscal year 2019, said FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery during a press briefing this week. FHA will perform a collateral risk assessment of ...


Poll

With loan volumes declining, does your shop have plans to enter the non-QM lending market in 2019?

Yes, definitely. A solid move forward.
Yes, but only incrementally.
We’re pondering a move into non-QM, but haven’t made up our mind.
No, definitely not. We view it has too risky.

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