FHA Programs

Browse articles from all of our Newsletters related to FHA Programs.

November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

Reporting on VA Loans Impacted by Natural Disaster. The Department of Veterans Affairs is cautioning servicers against reporting as delinquent VA loans that are impacted by a natural disaster. The electronic default notification (EDN) should only be reported prior to the 61st day of delinquency if the borrower intends to abandon the property or pursue an alternative to foreclosure, according to VA. Cite “property problems” as the reason for default, the agency added. On the 61st day of delinquency, servicers should use “casualty loss” as the reason for default when reporting the EDN. This will help VA identify loan defaults caused by a natural disaster. Texas USDA Guaranteed Housing Program See Increased Volume. The USDA guaranteed single-family guaranteed housing programs in the Lone Star State are experiencing significant volume increases, and consequently, ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

QM Patch Expiration Could Shift More High-DTI Loans to FHA

Certain potential changes could materially affect origination volume and determine the government-sponsored enterprises’ direction going forward, according to analysts. One of those changes could have a significant impact on the FHA market. Wells Fargo Securities analysts recently looked at three potential developments in the Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac sphere and evaluated their effects on the broader mortgage market. Two of those potential changes – loan limits and guarantee fees – are controlled directly by the Federal Housing Finance Agency, while the third relates to the temporary GSE qualified-mortgage exemption, or “QM patch,” which could affect the FHA market. All three factors loom over the mortgage landscape as the FHFA expects a new director in January 2019, who is likely to be more right leaning and could shift the focus back to shrinking the ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Fails to Recover Millions in Surplus Proceeds, IG Audit Finds

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s inspector general recommended that HUD pursue the collection of $5.7 million in surplus proceeds it is entitled to reclaim from 2017 loan terminations. The IG found $6.8 million in uncollected surplus proceeds from non-conveyance foreclosures in the possession of custodians. The IG said it initiated a review when it discovered while doing an unrelated audit that a trustee attorney held surplus proceeds from two non-conveyance foreclosures and HUD had not claimed these funds to offset earlier partial claims it had paid for the properties. The latest audit found that HUD did not always do its job. Of the 81 foreclosures reviewed, 32 had nearly As a result, an estimated $6.8 million in surplus proceeds never made it into the FHA insurance fund. Various third parties benefited at HUD’s expense, and the unclaimed funds sat dormant with custodians. The IG recommended ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Lenders Agree to Pay $26.7M To Settle False Certification Claims

Two FHA lenders entered into settlement agreements with the Department of Justice and the Department of Housing and Urban Development last week to resolve allegations they violated the False Claims Act in connection with FHA-insured mortgages. PrimeLending of Dallas and Universal American Mortgage Co. (UAMC) of Miami have agreed to pay a total of $26.7 million without admitting to any liability or wrongdoing. As part of an industry-wide inquiry, PrimeLending received a subpoena from the HUD inspector general for documents and other information related to its mortgage practices, including origination of FHA loans. On Aug. 20, 2014, the DOJ issued a civil investigative demand announcing an investigation of PrimeLending for potential FCA violations in connection with the origination and underwriting of FHA single-family loans. On Oct. 23, 2018, PrimeLending entered into a settlement and ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

GNMA Sees Growing Need for Financing of Nonbank MSR

Ginnie Mae officials would welcome a return of commercial banks to the program, but they are not planning on it. Instead, the agency is looking the other way: at expanding financing options for nonbank portfolios of mortgage servicing rights. The current version of Ginnie’s acknowledgement agreement has been successful, enabling nonbank servicers to arrange MSR financing for virtually their entire portfolios, said Michael Drayne, a senior vice president at Ginnie, during the Residential Mortgage Finance Symposium sponsored by the Structured Finance Industry Group this week in New York. Although a number of banks are financing nonbank servicing portfolios, many are still not participating, he said. Karen Gelernt, a partner at Alston & Bird, noted that many banks continue to have anxiety about what will happen if a servicer defaults on its Ginnie requirements. Speaking as moderator on a panel with ...


November 2, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Brokers Gain Share in FHA Lending, But Fall Back in VA Production

Wholesale-broker production of FHA loans was up 8.1 percent from the second to the third quarter of 2018, making it the fastest-growing channel in the program, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending analysis of Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities data. However, the volume of brokered VA loans securitized during the third quarter fell 4.0 percent from the previous period, the only channel to show a loss over that period. Correspondent production remained king in the FHA segment, with volume rising 7.4 percent from the second quarter. Correspondents generated 48.9 percent of FHA loans delivered into Ginnie MBS pools over the first nine months of the year. PennyMac Financial and Amerihome Mortgage duked it out as the top correspondent platforms in the third-quarter FHA market. Retail was runner-up with a 35.6 percent share of FHA year-to-date business, with wholesale-broker accounting for just ... [Charts]


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Reboots QM Rule Following Passage of Dodd-Frank Reform Act

The Department of Veterans Affairs will begin a new rulemaking on qualified mortgages to conform to Dodd-Frank reform act mandates. Observers say the move is simply housekeeping, since the previous QM interim final rule (IFR) requirements were rendered moot with the enactment of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act back in May. The new law, also known as the Dodd-Frank reform act, superseded the previous rule’s seasoning and recoupment requirements for VA Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans. Specifically, the act removed the category of rebuttable presumption for IRRRLs deemed as QM under the interim final rule. It also imposed new requirements that were not considered at the time the IFR was issued. The VA did not say whether changes were made ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

CMLA Seeks New Language for Bill Addressing ‘Orphan’ VA IRRRLs

Community mortgage lenders are asking the U.S. Senate to consider with caution before voting on legislative language passed recently by the House of Representatives to address “orphan” VA streamline refinance loans. Specifically, the Community Mortgage Lenders of America asked the Senate to step back and allow some time for substitute language to be presented with input from the industry and the Department of Veterans Affairs. At issue is the wording in H.R. 6737, the Protect Affordable Mortgages for Veterans Act of 2018. The bill fixes a technical issue that prevented VA lenders from pooling certain VA Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans in Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed securities pools. Approximately 2,500 VA refi loans were affected by an inconsistency between the loan seasoning guidelines issued by Ginnie in late 2016 and provisions in the ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Prepay Speeds Remain a Concern for Ginnie Mae, Overseas Investors

Ginnie Mae has made considerable progress in dealing with rapid prepayments on VA loans but prepayment speeds on Ginnie mortgage-backed securities in general continue to annoy investors. Prepay speeds on Ginnie MBS are now at the lowest since 2014 but it is not enough for agency Executive Vice President Maren Kasper to feel confident as she addressed the annual convention of the Mortgage Bankers Association this week. “Our prepayment issue is not solved,” said Kasper, as she spoke on a panel with representatives of government-lending programs. The agency continues to hear from investors about the problem, she said. Kasper cited two instances where Ginnie officials were summoned to meetings in China and New York to explain the prepayments to irate investors. They threatened to stop purchasing Ginnie bonds, she said. Kasper declined to say how bad the ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Government Mortgage Programs Focus on Tech Platform Upgrades

Information technology improvement is the top priority of government lending programs in the coming months and into 2019. Agency representatives at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Washington, DC, said policy changes are in the works to enhance and improve operations, compliance and customer service. FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery, who joined the agency four months ago, said IT modernization is his primary concern. A state-of-the-art IT system and advanced data analytics are needed to manage FHA exposures effectively, he said. Montgomery made clear FHA has no plans to build a proprietary system but is considering the idea of shared technology, possibly with VA and USDA; something based on Fannie Mae’s and Freddie Mac’s systems; or some off-the-shelf software. In his view, a modern IT system would have automated underwriting that provides ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

VA Final Rule on Cash-Outs to OMB, Agency Eyes November Issuance

The Department of Veterans Affairs has asked the Office of Management and Budget to review a draft final rule that would establish major requirements for guaranteed cash-out refinance loans. The Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act, which reformed the Dodd-Frank Act, gave VA the authority to regulate cash-out refis. The agency has 180 days from enactment to promulgate regulations. The final rule sets the parameters of VA cash-out home loans, to include defining net tangible benefit, recoupment and seasoning requirements. The Dodd-Frank reform act and Ginnie Mae have established similar requirements for Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans. IRRRLs and, to a much lesser extent, cash-out refis came under scrutiny due to loan churning or serial refinancing. Last year, a small group of lenders targeted servicemembers and veterans with VA loans to ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Ginnie Mae to Require Servicer, Credit Ratings for Largest Issuers

Participants in Ginnie Mae’s single-family mortgage-backed securities program may expect new policy changes, including servicer and credit ratings for the largest issuers, clarification of “appropriate sources of liquidity” and other financial requirements. The changes come as issuer liquidity continues to be a primary concern for Ginnie Mae, particularly with nonbanks now the dominant segment in the single-family MBS program. “We’re working on those policies right now,” said Leslie Meaux Pordzik, Ginnie’s acting senior vice president, Office of Issuer and Portfolio Management, at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual convention in Washington, DC, this week. Nonbanks account for nearly two-thirds of Ginnie MBS issuance and approximately 75 percent of FHA and VA lending. Nonbanks serviced a record 61.1 percent of outstanding Ginnie single-family MBS at the end of the ...


October 19, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA, VA Delinquencies Tip Slightly Higher in 3Q18 GNMA MBS Pools

The amount of single-family Ginnie Mae mortgage servicing rights increased a modest 0.9 percent during the third quarter, according to a new analysis and ranking by Inside FHA/VA Lending. Some $1.858 trillion of Ginnie mortgage-backed securities were outstanding at the end of September, a 6.2 percent gain over the previous 12 months. Loans guaranteed by the VA continued to be the fastest growing segment of the Ginnie market. Volume was up 1.3 percent from the end of June, hitting $630.9 billion, an 11.0 percent increase from the same time last year. The FHA segment remained far bigger: $1.114 trillion at the end of the third quarter. However, its growth rate has been slower: 0.7 percent from June and 3.9 percent compared to September 2017. Loan performance deteriorated slightly in both programs. Some 92.9 percent of FHA loans were current at the end of September, down from ... [Charts]


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Around the Industry

FHA Issues Waiver of Property Inspections in Disaster-Stricken California Counties. FHA has issued a waiver of its timing policy for completing property inspections prior to closing or endorsing a loan for FHA insurance. The waiver is in effect in presidentially declared major disaster areas in Lake and Shasta Counties, CA, that were ravaged by wildfires and high winds. FHA believes that the wildfires and high winds have stabilized so as not to cause any further damage to properties, even though FEMA has not declared “all clear” in the affected areas. The waiver allows damage inspections to be completed after Oct. 2, for properties located in the PDMDA. NC Commissioner of Banks Amends State Reverse Mortgage Rules. The North Carolina Commissioner of Banks recently amended its ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HECM Statute Does Not Disallow Lender’s Legal Right to Foreclose

The federal statute that authorized the Department of Housing and Urban Development to establish the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage program addresses only HUD’s authority to insure reverse mortgages and not the lender’s contractual right to foreclose, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has ruled. Affirming the district court’s decision in The Estate of Caldwell Jones, Jr., Executrix Vanessa Jones and Leah Grace Jones, Minor v. Live Well Financial Inc., the circuit court determined that the HECM statute did not prevent foreclosure pursuant to a reverse-mortgage contract originated before Aug. 4, 2014, even if the non-borrowing spouse continued to live in the mortgaged property. The question before the court was whether the statute can be read broadly to prevent foreclosure after the borrower’s death and prevent the non-borrowing spouse from being ejected from the ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Failure to Record Indemnifications Exposes MMIF to Potential Losses

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s failure to record indemnifications under a 2015 settlement agreement exposed the FHA insurance fund to potential losses of more than $47.4 million, according to an internal audit report. HUD’s Office of the Inspector General performed the audit to resolve issues related to two settlement agreements entered into by Fifth Third Bank and the Department of Justice. Fifth Third, a direct endorsement lender, had voluntarily disclosed to HUD 1,439 materially defective FHA loans that were originated between 2003 and 2013. HUD paid claims on 519 of those flawed loans, which generated more than $84.9 million in ineligible claims. In addition, FTB agreed to indemnify HUD for all losses for the remaining 920 FHA-insured mortgage loans. In January 2017, the bank voluntarily disclosed an additional 381 materially defective FHA loans. A HUD review of the ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

HUD Plans to Revisit DPA Rules in Light of Tribal FHA-Down Program

Use of FHA downpayment assistance from programs run by entities owned by Native American tribes may soon be under agency scrutiny. Industry stakeholders are pointing to a pre-rule notice the Department of Housing and Urban Development published last spring as an opportunity for HUD to clarify the use of downpayment assistance from parties other than those currently allowed to meet FHA’s 3.5 percent downpayment requirement. In an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register, HUD is seeking comment on the use of downpayment assistance as well as their approved sources, such as tribal providers, state and local housing finance agencies, government agents and non-profit organizations. One downpayment-assistance provider is the Chenoa Fund Loan Program, which is owned and operated by the Utah Cedar Band of Paiutes. The fund provides secondary financing to ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Senate Still Has Time to Enact VA ‘Orphan’ Loan Bill, Says MBA

The mortgage banking industry is optimistic about Congress enacting legislation that would cure VA orphan loans before the midterm elections. The U.S. Senate still has time to consider H.R. 6737, the Protect Affordable Mortgages for Veterans Act, according to Bill Kilmer, chief lobbyist at the Mortgage Bankers Association. “Most observers think [lawmakers are] going to be around until Oct. 18 or 19, which is when Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said he wants to keep folks around to work on nominations and other measures they need to clear,” Kilmer said. “There is time and, more to the substantive point, the bill passed the House.” H.R. 6737 would provide a technical fix so that certain VA refinance loans would be eligible for pooling in a Ginnie Mae mortgage-backed security. The bill was reported out of committee by a unanimous 49-0 vote, and was approved quickly by the House ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Insurance Fund Hit Hard by Needless Claim Payments, Costs

Mortgage servicing delays have caused the Department of Housing and Urban Development to pay a whopping $413 million for unnecessary interest and other expenses. The payment put a major dent on the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund and its ability to pay other claims or reduce FHA mortgage-insurance premiums, according to a report from the HUD inspector general. The amount covered interest payments and other costs on 27,634 preforeclosure claims over a five-year period. The costly setback could have been avoided had lenders completed servicing chores on defaulted FHA loans within their prescribed periods, the IG said. Although serviers were to blame, HUD reimbursed them through FHA insurance claims. The IG analyzed 100,077 preforeclosure claims paid from Aug. 1, 2012, through July 31, 2017. Auditors identified 30,061 claims that had ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

FHA Requires Second Appraisal on HECMs with Inflated Collateral

The reverse mortgage industry is supporting an FHA move to require a second appraisal for certain Home Equity Conversion Mortgage loans. FHA did not seek public comment on the interim policy change, which subjects all HECM loans, effective Oct. 1, to a collateral risk assessment to ensure the appraisal of the property is not inflated. The new policy has wide support in the reverse mortgage industry. A study conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development last year found that 37 percent of appraisals on approximately 134,000 HECMs tested positive for over-valuation. The inflated HECM appraisals were at least 3 percent higher than estimates by FHA’s proprietary automated valuation model, according to FHA Commissioner Brian Montgomery. The same study also found that higher-than-expected losses in the HECM program could be attributed in part to ...


October 5, 2018 - Inside FHA/VA Lending

Solid Gains in Purchase-Mortgage Business Offset 3Q18 Refi Slump

Ginnie Mae issuance of single-family mortgage-backed securities rode a homebuying wave during the third quarter of 2018, according to a new Inside FHA/VA Lending ranking and analysis. Ginnie issuers produced $105.63 billion of new MBS backed by forward mortgages during the July-September cycle, a 7.1 percent increase from the second quarter. That brought year-to-date production to $296.88 billion – down 11.3 percent from the first nine months of 2017. Purchase mortgages provided the boost for the Ginnie market. Some $75.69 billion of FHA and VA purchase mortgages were pooled in Ginnie MBS in the third quarter, a sturdy 13.1 percent increase from the previous period. Purchase loans accounted for 75.1 percent of FHA and VA loans securitized in the third quarter, compared to 64.7 percent for all of last year. Although production of these loans has gone up since the first quarter, year-to-date volume ... [Charts]


Poll

With loan volumes declining, does your shop have plans to enter the non-QM lending market in 2019?

Yes, definitely. A solid move forward.
Yes, but only incrementally.
We’re pondering a move into non-QM, but haven’t made up our mind.
No, definitely not. We view it has too risky.

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